34. Receivables and liabilities related to insurance activities
Receivables from insurance activities are receivables on account of reinsurance and share of reinsurers in technical reserves so far presented as “Other assets”.
Reinsurance receivables include receivables from reinsurers and reinsurance brokers resulting from concluded outward reinsurance contracts. Reinsurance receivables are valued at the amount due, less impairment losses.
The reinsurer’s share in the technical provisions is determined on the basis of the gross provisions and the conditions specified in the reinsurance contracts. Thus, as in the case of technical provisions, the majority of the reinsurer’s share in the provisions is determined on the basis of individual methods. In the case of the reinsurer’s share appointed at the level of aggregated data, the granularity of calculations is applied, which enables proper consideration of the parameters of the reinsurance contract, e.g. defining the reinsurance contract at the level of the claim year or policy year. The reinsurer’s share in the technical provisions is determined adequately and carefully.
Liabilities in respect of insurance activities comprise technical reserves to cover current and future claims and costs which may arise from the insurance contracts concluded, i.e. unearned premium and unexpired risk reserves, outstanding claims and benefits reserve, reserve for bonuses and discounts for the insured, life insurance reserve, and other, starting from 2020 – deferred reinsurance commission and reinsurance related liabilities which so far were presented as “Other liabilities”.
Technical provisions are created to cover current and future claims and costs that may result from concluded insurance contracts. Provisions include both events that have occurred in the past but have not yet been settled, as well as events that will occur in the future. In most cases, provisions are created on an individual basis at the level of individual policies or claims, with the exception of, inter alia, IBNR reserve, which is determined at the level of homogeneous risk groups. All provisions are calculated using classical actuarial methods. The provisions take into account not only the expected claims and benefits payments and costs, but also any other cash flows resulting from concluded insurance contracts, e.g. bonuses and rebates. Provisions are created adequately and carefully in such a way as to include a certain risk margin.
Reinsurance commissions in the part falling for future reporting periods are settled in time according to the rules governing the creation of the provision for premiums with the reinsurer’s share.
Reinsurance liabilities include current liabilities towards reinsurers resulting from settlements made on the basis of outward reinsurance contracts. Reinsurance liabilities are recognized at their nominal value and measured at the amount required as at the balance sheet date.
|Receivables in respect of insurance activities||31.12.2020||31.12.2019|
|Reinsurers’ share in technical reserves||752||799|
|Receivables in respect of reinsurance||46||59|
As at 31 December 2020 and 31 December 2019, all receivables related to insurance activities were in Stage 1.
|RECEIVABLES IN RESPECT OF INSURANCE ACTIVITIES – CHANGES IN THE GROSS CARRYING AMOUNT DURING THE PERIOD||2020||2019|
|Carrying amount as at the beginning of the period, gross||858||672|
Granting or purchase of financial instruments
|Carrying amount as at the end of the period, gross||798||858|
|LIABILITIES IN RESPECT OF INSURANCE ACTIVITIES||31.12.2020||31.12.2019|
|Technical reserves||1 051||1 025|
|Deferred reinsurance commission||641||688|
|Liabilities in respect of reinsurance||48||64|
|Total||1 740||1 777|