18. Foreign exchange gains/ (losses)

PKO Annual
Report Online

Accounting policies

Foreign exchange gains (losses) comprise foreign exchange gains and losses, both realized and unrealized, resulting from valuation of assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies and from the fair value valuation of foreign currency derivatives (FX forward, FX swap, CIRS and currency options). In the case of the hedging strategies in which CIRS contracts are the hedging instrument, this item also includes the ineffective portion of cash flow hedges.

Impairment charges for loans, advances and other foreign currency-denominated receivables, which are recorded in PLN, are revalued when the measurement of the underlying foreign currency-denominated assets changes. The effect of such remeasurement due to foreign exchange differences is recognized in foreign exchange.

2020 2019
Foreign exchange gains/(losses) 182 104

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